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DARFUR TIMELINE

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Timeline of Crisis in Darfur

June 1989
Omer al Basher takes power in Khartoum
December 1990
Idriss Deby takes power in Chad
1991
Darfur becomes a state within a federal system
1994
Darfur is divided into three states
2000
Publication of the Black Book detailing marginalization of Darfur
2001
Organization of armed opposition in Darfur
2001
Organization of armed opposition in Darfur
February 2003
SLA announces its existence
March 2003
JEM announces its existence
April 2003
Rebels attacked the airport in El Fasher.
July 2003
Janjaweed counteroffensive begins
January 2004
Major government offensive begins
March 2004
UN Coordinator Mukesh Kapila calls Darfur ‘ the worlds worst humanitarian crisis’ and makes a comparison to Rwanda
July 2004
The US Congress unanimously recognizes the crisis as genocide
July 2004
UN Security Council gives Khartoum 30 days to disarm the Janjaweed and facilitate humanitarian assistance
September 2004
The World Health Organization announces that between 8000 and 10,000 refugees are dying every month
September 2004
US Secretary of State Colin Powell declares Darfur to be ‘genocide’.
November 2005
The death toll is estimated to be at 400,000 people
May 5, 2006
A peace deal is shoved through between the Sudanese government and one rebel group. Two rebel groups however refuse to sign it. Fighting continues unabated
August 31,2006
The UN Security Council approves sending peacekeeping forces into Darfur (UN Res 1706) but it requests permission of the government of Sudan, the perpetrators. Predictably, Sudan rejects the resolution